Barcelona residents maintain their customs and, therefore, promote and care for their history, conserving buildings and streets, and keeping their traditions alive all year round.
Celebrations such as The Mercè, the city’s patron saint, are an example of this. Additionally, every neighbourhood has its own local festivals; the most noteworthy of these occur in Sants and Gràcia, where year after year traditions are upheld with parades of giants, human castles and folk music.
Various languages are spoken in Catalonia, with Catalan and Spanish being the main ones.
In accordance with the region’s Autonomous Statute, both languages, together with Aranese (a variant of Occitan) are official languages. In addition, Catalan is considered to be the native language of Catalonia, as is Aranese in the Vall d’Arán.
Most Catalans are bilingual and speak both of the main languages, although most regard one or the other as their mother tongue.
According to statistics from 2008, 99.7% of Catalans can speak Spanish and 78.3% can speak Catalan. Whether Catalan or Spanish is spoken depends on the social ambit in which one finds oneself.